Birmingham-Southern College, 900 Arkadelphia Road, Birmingham, AL 35254

 Alabama native plants of the ecoscape

 

Guide to Native Plants in the Alabama Woodland Meadow



complete ecoscape map

Allegany viburnum
Viburnum x rhytidophylloides
deciduous shrub
partial sun to shade
flowers in late May to June; red berries in fall
allegany_vib.JPG (487569 bytes) allegany_vib_bud.JPG (295506 bytes)
artemisia artemisiaE.jpg (527044 bytes)
ashy sunflower (downy sunflower)
Helianthus mollis
perennial
sun
flowers mid-summer to early fall
Hubricht's Blue Star
Amsonia hubrichtii
perennial
sun to part shade
flowers late spring to early summer
smooth aster
Aster laevis
perennial
full to partial sun
flowers mid-summer to fall
asterE.jpg (546601 bytes) aster_flowerE.jpg (295729 bytes)
beauty berry
Callicarpa americana
deciduous shrub
sun
flowers mid-summer; berries appear in fall
beautyberry1.JPG (624180 bytes) beautyberry_bloom.JPG (619457 bytes) btyberriesE.jpg (313714 bytes)
black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
annual (will self-seed)
sun to partial shade
flowers in summer
black-eyed _susan1.JPG (603430 bytes) black_eyed_susanE.jpg (224059 bytes)
brown-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia triloba
perennial
partial shade to partial sun
flowers mid summer to mid fall
southern blazing star 
Liatris squarrulosa
perennial
sun
flowers in late spring and summer
southern_blazingstar2.jpg (510961 bytes) southern_blazingstar_bloom.jpg (382799 bytes)
blue false indigo (wild blue indigo)
Baptisia australis
perennial
sun to part sun
flowers May to June
Brazilian vervain
Verbena brasiliensis Vell.
invasive, naturalized import
sun
flowers late spring to summer
butterfly weed
Asclepias tuberosa
perennial
sun
flowers in summer
 
Carolina bush pea (Carolina false lupine)
Thermopsis villosa
full sun
flowers May to June
compass plant
Silphium laciniatum
perennial
sun
flowers July to September
coreopsis
coreopsis  lanceolata
perennial
sun
flowers spring and summer
cream wild indigo
Baptisia bracteata
perennial
sun to partial shade
flowers in late spring
wild_indigo.JPG (615601 bytes) wild_indigo_bloom.JPG (591851 bytes)
dog fennel
Eupatorium capillifolium
herbaceous perennial
sun
blooms late summer to early fall
foam flower
Tiarella cordifolia
perennial
full shade to partial sun
flowers in mid spring
garden phlox
Phlox paniculata (leaves alternate)
perennial
sun to partial shade
flowers late spring
gaura
Gaura lindheimeri 
perennial
sun
flowers summer to fall; white blossoms fade to pink
gauraE.jpg (546731 bytes) gaura_flowerE.jpg (273250 bytes)
Georgia Basil
Calamintha Georgiana
goldenrod
Solidago (over 50 species common to United States)
herbaceous perennial
sun
flowers late summer to fall
goldenrod2E.jpg (429164 bytes) goldenrodE.jpg (322982 bytes)
green-headed coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
perennial
full sun to partial shade
flowers July to September
joe pye weed
Eupatorium purpureum
perennial
sun to light shade
flowers August to September
good for butterflies
distinguish from ironweed by whorled leaves
mountain mint
Pycnanthemum incanum
herbaceous perennial
partial shade to partial sun
flowers mid-summer into fall
mountain_mintE.jpg (394381 bytes) mountain_mint_flowerE.jpg (188108 bytes)
narrow-leaved mountain mint
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
perennial
sun
flowers in summer
narrow_leaf_mtmint1.JPG (1208751 bytes) narrow_leaf_mtmint.JPG (1219381 bytes)
obedient plant
Physostegia virigiana
perennial
full sun to partial shade
blooms late summer
pale beardtongue
Penstemon pallidus
perennial
sun
flowers late spring
pale_beardtongue.jpg (426213 bytes) pale_beardtongue_bloom2.JPG (239776 bytes)
possumhaw viburnum
Viburnum nudum
deciduous shrub
partial sun to shade
blooms in spring
possumhaw.JPG (423775 bytes) possumhaw_bloom.JPG (609851 bytes)
prairie phlox (downy phlox)
Phlox pilosa  (leaves opposite)
perennial
full sun to partial sun
flowers late spring to early summer
pale purple coneflower (droops)
Echinacea pallida
perennial
sun
flowers last spring to early summer
purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
perennial
sun
flowers last spring to early summer
rusty blackhaw viburnum
Viburnum rufidulum
deciduous understory shrub
sun to partial shade
flowers in late spring; blue to purple berries in fall; red to maroon foliage in fall
good for butterflies, birds, bees
salvia  
shining coneflower
Rudbeckia nitida
herbaceous perennial
full sun
flowers mid to late summer

 
shining_coneflower_bloom.jpg (293030 bytes)
silk grass
Pityopsis graminifolia
sneezeweed 
Helenium autumnale
perennial
full sun
flowers late summer
 
spiderwort
Tradescantia virginiana
perennial
sun to partial shade
flowers late spring
 spiderwort.jpg (615502 bytes) spiderwort_bloom.JPG (598762 bytes)
starry rosinweed
silphium asteriscus
herbaceous perennial
full sun to partial shade
blooms late spring and summer
starry_rosinweed.jpg (500503 bytes) starry_rosinweed_bloom.jpg (189694 bytes)
switch grass
Panicum virgatum
hardy perennial
sun to partial shade
pinacles turn reddish in fall
switchgrassE.jpg (469361 bytes) switchgrass_seedE.jpg (339654 bytes)
tall ironweed
Veronia gigantea
perennial
sun
blooms late summer
distinguish from joe pye weed by alternate rather than whorled leaves
tall_ironweed.JPG (622522 bytes) tall_ironweed_bud.JPG (902127 bytes) tall_ironweed_bloom.JPG (369233 bytes)
trifoliate orange
Poncirus trifoliata
deciduous tree
non-native from China
full sun
blooms in spring
wild bergamot (bee balm)
Monarda fistulosa
perennial
sun
flowers in summer
bergamot_bloom.jpg (233272 bytes)
wild quinine
Partenium integrifolium
perennial
full sun
flowers June to September
 
witch hazel
Hamamelis virginiana
deciduous shrub
full sun to partial shade
blooms late autumn to early winter
yarrow (common yarrow)
Achillea millefolium
perennial
full sun to partial shade
flowers late April to early June

Other websites of interest:

Caroline R. Dean, Wildflowers of Alabama,  http://www.auburn.edu/~deancar/index.html
John D. Freeman Herbarium, Auburn University, http://www.auburn.edu/academic/science_math/botany/herbarium/
Tress of Alabama and the Southeast, Auburn University, http://www.forestry.auburn.edu/samuelson/dendrology/
Tennessee Valley Authority Native Plant Index, http://www.tva.gov/river/landandshore/stabilization/plants/
Plants Database, USDA, http://plants.usda.gov/
Alabama Wildflower Society, http://alwildflowers.org/
North Alabama Wildflowers, http://www.briartech.com/floweringplants.htm 
Alabama Smart Yards, http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/Alabama_Smart_Yards.html

Books of interest:

Lois Trigg Chaplin. The Southern Gardener's Book of Lists, Taylor Trade Publishing, 1994.
Blanch Dean. Wildflowers of Alabama and Adjoining States. U of Alabama P, 1983.
Patricia Kyritsi Howell. Medicinal Plants of the Southern Appalachians. Botanologos Books, 2006.
Jan Midgley. Alabama Wildflowers. Sweetwater Press, 1998.
Felder Rushing.  Tough Plants for Southern Gardens. Cool Spring Press, 2003.
 

This site was created and is maintained by Susan K. Hagen on behalf of the Southern Environmental Center as a volunteer project for Alabama Master Gardeners, Blount County 

Southern Environmental Center | ecoscape | Alabama Master Gardeners

all photographs Susan K. Hagen

updated 11 August 2009


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